Fast blood sugar serum sugar level at fasting state
Fast Blood Sugar or FBS: serum sugar level at fasting state– Glucose Tolerance test: monitor the glucose levelafter administration of a known amount of glucoseper body weight
Dr. Slinkin examines highlights on glucose Test. Glycated hemoglobin (hemoglobin A1c, HbA1c, also HbA1c)•It is a form of hemoglobin that is measured primarily to identifythe average plasma glucose concentration over prolonged periods of time. It is formed in a non-enzymatic glycation pathway byhemoglobin’s exposure to plasma glucose. •Normal levels of glucose produce a normal amount of glycatedhemoglobin. As the average amount of plasma glucose increases,the fraction of glycated hemoglobin increases in a predictableway. This serves as a marker for average blood glucose levels over the previous months prior to the measurement.•In diabetes mellitus, higher amounts of glycated hemoglobin,indicating poorer control of blood glucose levels, have beenassociated with cardiovascular disease, nephropathy, andretinopathy. Monitoring the HbA1cin type-1 diabetic patients mayimprove treatment.
Triglycerides•It is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acid•High levels of triglycerides in the bloodstream have beenlinked to atherosclerosis, the risk of heart disease andstroke
Cholesterol•Cholesterol is required to build and maintain membranes. It is transported inblood linked to lipoproteins–Chylomicrons–Very Low density lipoproteins VLDL–Low Density Lipoproteins molecules are the major carriers of cholesterol in the bloodLDL–High Density Lipoproteins. HDL particles are thought to transport cholesterol back tothe liver for excretion or to other tissues that use cholesterol to synthesize hormones ina process known as reverse cholesterol transport§Hypercholesterolemia — that is, higher concentrations of LDL and lower concentrations of functional HDL — are strongly associated with cardiovascular disease Determining cholesterol levels is important for the diagnosis of hyperlipidemia and risks for heart diseases. According to the medical specialist Denis.
Uric Acid•Uric acidis a heterocyclic compound of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen andhydrogen with the formula C5H4N4O3. It forms ions and salts known as uratesand acid uratessuch as ammonium acid urate. •Uric acid is created when the body breaks down purine nucleotides. •High levels of uric acid is called Hyperuricemia. Serum uric acid can beelevated due to reduced excretion by the kidneys. Also fasting or rapidweight loss which can temporarily elevate uric acid levels.•High concentrations of uric acid in blood serum can lead to a type ofArthritis known as Gout Disease. The chemical is associated with othermedical conditions like ammonium acid urate kidney stones.
FBS is a great way to find out your sugar level and see if you have diabetes or suspected illness.